Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Finishing Section in Garment Industry

Garment finishing section:
In a garment industry finishing section involves with garment washing, checking, final inspection, pressing, packing, etc. Proper finishing process can be improved quality of garments and make on time order shipment. Garments shipment is very much dependable on Garments finishing section. Finishing section add value to the product which attracts customers by the presenting activities of the product according to buyer’s requirements.
Garment industry finishing department
Figure 1 - Garment industry finishing department
Machine and equipment used in finishing section:
  1. Thread sucker machine
  2. Thread Cutter
  3. Hand tag Gun
  4. Lifter
  5. Iron
  6. Metal detector
  7. Textile cleaning Gun etc.
Process flow of garment finishing section:
Work procedure of finishing section
Figure 2 - Work procedure of finishing section
Work procedure of finishing section in apparel industry:

Finishing Input (color, size & style wise): In this stage, body come from sewing section by way of per color, style or size to finishing section as a input.

Thread Sucking: Here finishing input is brought in touch of thread sucking machine to remove loose thread from the body.

Initial Iron:
In this stage, garments are being ironed and close all the button of the garments for helping further step easier.

Quality Check: Here body is inspected by a quality inspection to check if there any swing, washing, or any other faults exist in the garments. If found, the garments are send to the repair section or defective garments are declared as reject. Here 100% quality check is done.

Sends body to get Up change: In this stage, an inspector ensure the garments get up is okay or not.

Body inspection: An inspection randomly inspection some number of garments to ensure measurement is correct or not, quality checking has been done properly or not, initial ironing as per requirements or not.

Iron: Here, garments are ironed properly for folding as per buyer’s requirements.

Folding: After the ironing of the garments, the garments are being folded in the way buyer direction.

Accessories Attachment: Here, accessories like hang tag, security tag, collar stand, butter fly etc. are attached before poly the garments.

Poly: In this stage garments are being poly to protect the garments from dust as well as to ensure the garments be safe in the cartoon.

Cartooning: According to the packing list, after being poly the garments, garments are being cartooned for shipment.

Final inspection: In this stage, buyer’s represent inspect the garments based on AQL label to ensure the garments are as per spec sheet or not,

Shipment: Garments inspection is passed, the garments are ready for shipment.

List of major defects found in finishing section:

  1. Brand: care or size label missing
  2. Shading
  3. Wrong color
  4. Hole in fabric Damage
  5. Conspicuous repair
  6. Poor construction
  7. Conspicuous soilage (inside or outside)
  8. Conspicuous abrasion marks from wash process
  9. High/ low pockets
  10. Buttons, snap defect
  11. Button hole raveling, incomplete not cut properly/ miss aligned
  12. Sizing problem
  13. Poorly trimmed garments threads
  14. Broken stitches
  15. Skipped stitches
  16. Open seam
About Author:
Mohammad Sajjadul Karim Bhuiyan
BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology
Email: sajjadulkarim7@gmail.com

You can also like:

  1. Quality Control in Garment Finishing
  2. List of Finishing Machines, Tools and Equipments in Apparel Industry
  3. Finishing Department Management in Garment Industry
  4. Garments Finishing Manager’s Job Duties and Responsibilities
  5. Types of Ironing or Pressing Used in Garment Finishing
  6. Technical Analysis of Garments Packing Systems
  7. Function of Finishing Department in Garment Industry